1973 Bermuda Bowl

One of the objectives of the Vugraph project is to present great matches of the past in .lin or .pbn format, matches that were played long before computers became ubiquitous and whose hand records only existed so far in printed form.

The user must be aware of a fundamental difference of the reconstructed lin files as opposed to the regular Vugraph files: namely, regular Vugraph files are an accurate record of the bids and the cards played, down to the last spot card; on the other hand, records in books almost always are vague as to spot cards. Hence, when the book says "Declarer drew trumps in two rounds", we usually do not know if he played the ace first or the king, or if the defenders followed with this or that low card; and usually it does not matter. When it matters, sources usually provide the relevant information.

There is also another difference, concerning the scoring; in the 1973 match the pre-1987 scoring was used. The main difference from today is that the penalty for non-vulnerable undertricks was lighter: 100-300-500-700 and so on. In our presentation the modern scoring is used to score the individual boards but the carry-over reflects the actual score of the match.

The 1973 BB was held in Guaruja, Brazil. There was a round robin with Brazil, Italy, North America, The Aces and Indonesia.

As you see, there were two American teams because the Aces were the defending champions. In fact, after the Blue Team announced its retirement after their 1969 win, the Aces were able to fulfil Ira Korn's dream and capture the 1970 title (even if the field was rather weak) and repeat their feat in 1971. However, the Italians were prompted to come out of retirement and they won the 1972 Olympiad.

So now the Blue Team were back in action (the big 3 anyway: Belladonna-Garozzo and Forquet playing with Bianchi) against The Aces.. The Aces had pipped the Blue Team in the Round Robin and were quietly confident. But the Blue Team came out and played almost flawless bridge in the first two segments to lead 124 - 6, an unprecedented trouncing at that level!

The match was effectively over after 32 boards but Italy kept increasing their lead and after segment 7 they led by 205 IMPs. The Aces reduced the deficit somewhat by winning the final set 80-3. Italy fielded Garozzo/Belladonna and Forquet/Bianchi for the first six segments and only in the last two segments did new boys Pittala and Garabello see action.

Garozzo/Belladonna and Forquet/Bianchi played the Precision system rather than Blue Team Club - according to John Swanson in his book "Inside the Bermuda Bowl", this was a condition of enjoying the sponsorship of CC Wei.

For the 1973 Bermuda Bowl our source was the official book published courtesy of the ACBL. For the moment we provide only the final match between the Aces (USA) and Italy. Note that in the Vugraph files the team is named USA, in order for the US flag to be displayed, but bear in mind that these were the Aces.

This new offering of ours is, for yet one more time, due to Denis O' Kane. Kudos to Denis for another splendid job!


Vugraph aficionados will note that this new offering presents a new feature: the so-called "pf files" (see below) allow the user to depart at any time from the line of play followed at the table, to play out the hand all by himself and explore alternative lines of play. However, once you have departed from the original line, you cannot reliably revert to it unless you go back at Trick 1. We eagerly await feedback concerning this new feature: is it desirable, is it worth the extra work, does it have any hidden drawbacks?


Italy v The Aces

Segment 1
Segment 2
Segment 3
Segment 4
Segment 5
Segment 6
Segment 7
Segment 8


Same files, including the pf command that allows you to explore alternative lines:
Segment 1
Segment 2
Segment 3
Segment 4
Segment 5
Segment 6
Segment 7
Segment 8



If you want, you can have here, all the .lin files zipped (without cumulative scores).

Here you can also find all eight files in .pbn format (zipped) to replay with Jack, GIB or whatever.

Here you can also find all eight files in .dup format (zipped) for duplication purposes.







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