1981 Bermuda Bowl (Rye, NY)

One of the objectives of the Vugraph project is to present great matches of the past in .lin or .pbn format, matches that were played long before computers became ubiquitous and whose hand records only existed so far in printed form.

The user must be aware of a fundamental difference of the reconstructed lin files as opposed to the regular Vugraph files: namely, regular Vugraph files are an accurate record of the bids and the cards played, down to the last spot card; on the other hand, records in books almost always are vague as to spot cards. Hence, when the book says "Declarer drew trumps in two rounds", we usually do not know if he played the ace first or the king, or if the defenders followed with this or that low card; and usually it does not matter. When it matters, sources usually provide the relevant information.

There is also another difference, concerning the scoring; in the 1981 match the pre-1987 scoring was used. The main difference from today is that the penalty for non-vulnerable undertricks was lighter: 100-300-500-700 and so on. In our presentation the modern scoring is used but the user should bear in mind what had happened actually.

The 1981 event was important in BB history as it was the first time for a team from the newly formed Zone 4 (Middle East/Asia) - represented by Pakistan. It was also important as the entrance to the world stage of three great new bridge stars - Eric Rodwell, Jeff Meckstroth (i.e. Meckwell) and Zia Mahmood!
It was an extremely open event: perhaps the first and last time where all teams in the Round Robin had a real chance of winning the title. Pakistan did extremely well to come second in the round robin - ahead of Poland, Argentina, Great Britain, Australia and Indonesia. They then convincingly beat Argentina over 64 boards in the semi final to qualify for the final against USA.The final started as a closely fought match, but in the end the US team, spear-headed by Meckwell, came out as convincing winners -and the bridge world had gained three new stars!
Pakistan team were : Zia Mahmood/Masood Salim, Nishat Abedi/Nisar Ahmed, Jan-E-Alam Fazli/Munir Ata-Ullah.
USA team were : Jeff Meckstroth/Eric Rodwell, Bud Reinhold, Russ Arnold, Bobby Levin and John Solodar. Reinhold was the sponsor and decided not to play in the final so Arnold/Levin/Solodar played as a three-man pair.
Zia/Masood and Meckwell were the anchor pairs and played all 96 boards in the final.



This new offering of ours is, for one more time, due to Denis O' Kane. Kudos to Denis for another splendid job!


Interactive (pf) files: Vugraph aficionados will note that we are again offering this feature: the so-called "pf files" allow the user to depart at any time from the line of play followed at the table, to play out the hand all by himself and explore alternative lines of play. However, once you have departed from the original line, you cannot reliably revert to it unless you go back to Trick 1. It should be noted that following the normal play is slower with these files as four mouse clicks are needed for each trick.




USA - Pakistan

Segment 1
Segment 2
Segment 3
Segment 4
Segment 5
Segment 6


Same files, including the pf command that allows you to explore alternative lines:
Segment 1
Segment 2
Segment 3
Segment 4
Segment 5
Segment 6

You can also find all 6 files in .pbn format (zipped) to replay with Jack, GIB or whatever.

Here you can also find all 6 files in .dup format (zipped) for duplication purposes.

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